Archive for tag: radiator

DoVR Parabolic Flight a Success

Rube_FloatDr. Cable Kurwitz and three Texas A&M Undergraduate Engineering students recently completed a successful flight test program aboard NASA's reduced gravity aircraft of the Demonstration of a variable heat rejection (DoVR) system. The technology relies upon the exchange of liquid and a non-condensible gas between selected radiator coolant transport lines and a vortex phase separator. The reduced gravity aircraft flight provided by NASA's Flight Opportunities Program allowed for demonstration of fluid handling in a near zero gravity environment and served as a precursor flight for the upcoming suborbital mission. Further news stories can be found here, here, here, and here.

 

 

Phase Separator in Operation

The vortex separator developed at Texas A&M and licensed to Advanced Cooling Technologies is a passive device with no moving parts that relies on the momentum of the incoming fluid to produce a rotational flow within the device. The flow field produces a radial acceleration that drives the separation process which can acheive high throughput compared to capillary devices. Videos of the device operating under Earth-g and during NASA reduced gravity aircraft testing show how the acceleration field can be designed to operate against gravity or to minimize the pumping power under zero gravity conditions. Another design feature is that the liquid inventory can change by controlling the gas volume within the separator which allows the device to both separate and serve as an accumulator. This feature makes the separator ideal for the DoVR radiator system since liquid and gas must be exchanged between the separator and selected radiator segments.

 

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Using Eductor to Remove Liquid from Transport Line

A novel approach to clearing liquid from radiator lines in reduced gravity was recently demonstrated. THe approach uses a passive eductor pump and phase separator both of which have operated successfully in reduced gravity. A video of a single line being cleared using an eductor shows how effective the removal of liquid can be in an earth gravity environment. Since the dominant flow regime will be slug in zero gravity rather than slug/stratified in Earth gravity, performance should be improved. Using an appropriate arrangement of valves, eductor, and phase seperator, one could remove liquid from selected portions of the radiator which would change its heat transfer performance. A montage of the clearing process for one of the tests is shown below.

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DoVR Demonstration of Variable Radiator

A demonstration of a variable heat rejection radiator technology was carried out at the Interphase Transport Phenomena Laboratory (ITP) at Texas A&M University (TAMU). The technology utilizes a vortex type separator and a passive educator/jet pump to exchange working fluid in the radiator segments/lines with a non-condensable gas located in the phase separator. The Figure below is an illustration of the proposed system that is based on variable heat rejection studies in the literature and includes a phase separator and eductor. The system shown here illustrates the warm liquid (in red) entering the radiator and being cooled (cool liquid shown in blue) returning to the pump and phase separator. Non-condensable gas shown in green can be used to displace liquid in the radiator based on the orientation of 3-way latch valves located at the entrance and exit of either a single radiator line or a manifold of lines. By actuating the valves, gas and liquid can be exchanged between the separator and radiator which can control the area of radiator available for thermal energy rejection.

DoVR example

Component and system level experiments were carried out and modeling was completed for use in the sizing of separator and eductor components for a given radiator line volume to be evacuated. Tests were carried out to show the integration of a passive eductor pump with a phase separator could be used to clear lines and vary heat rejection. A bath type heat exchanger was used rather than a radiator. A review of various instrumentation methods was also performed and is mentioned in the report. Results show that the technology can successfully perform variable heat rejection by repeated evacuation and filling of selected pipe sections used to simulate single phase radiator line segments.